Building SQL QueriesDocumentation

Postgres Queryable

There are three types of Queryable in postgres:

  • ConnectionPool - represents a set of automatically managed connections to the database

  • Connection - represents a single physical connection to the database

  • Transaction - represents a transaction (or nested transaction) on a single physical connection to the database

All three share a common API, allowing you to write methods that can be used both inside and outside a transaction. e.g.

import {Queryable} from '@databases/pg';

async function getUser(id: number, db: Queryable) {
  const users = await db.query(sql`SELECT * FROM users WHERE id=${id}`);
  return users[0];
}

const user = await getUser(id, connectionPool);
// or
connectionPool.tx(async (transaction) => {
  const user = await getUser(id, transaction);
});

Queryable.query(SQLQuery): Promise<any[]>

Run an SQL Query and get a promise for an array of results. If your query contains multiple statements, only the results of the final statement are returned.

const result = await db.query(sql`SELECT 1 + 1 AS a`);
result[0].a;
// => 2

Queryable.query(SQLQuery[]): Promise<any[]>

If you pass an array of SQLQueries, they will be run as a single transaction and you will get an array in response where each element of the array is the results of one of the queries.

const [resultA, resultB] = await db.query([
  sql`SELECT 1 + 1 AS a`,
  sql`SELECT 1 + 1 AS b`,
]);
resultA[0].a + resultB[0].b;
// => 4

Queryable.queryStream(SQLQuery): AsyncIterable<any>

Run an SQL Query and get an async iterable of the results. e.g.

for await (const record of db.queryStream(sql`SELECT * FROM massive_table`)) {
  console.log(result);
}

Queryable.queryNodeStream(SQLQuery): ReadableStream

Run an SQL Query and get a node.js readable stream of the results. e.g.

const Stringifier = require('newline-json').Stringifier;

db.queryNodeStream(sql`SELECT * FROM massive_table`)
  .pipe(new Stringifier())
  .pipe(process.stdout);

Queryable.tx<T>(fn: (tx: Transaction) => Promise<T>, options?): Promise<T>

Executes the callback fn within a transaction on that connection.

If the Queryable is already a Transaction, this will use "savepoints" to create a nested transaction (and any options will be ignored).

If the Queryable is a Connection or ConnectionPool, this will create a true transaction, with the requested isolation level.

Queryable.task(fn): Promise<T>

If the Queryable is a ConnectionPool, this will allocate a connection for the duration of the callback function.

If the Queryable is already a Connection or Transaction, this will simply call the callaback with the existing connection.

Queryable.addPostCommitStep(fn): Promise<void>

If the Queryable is part of a transaction, queue fn to be called after the top-level transaction is successfully committed.

If the Queryable is not part of a transaction, call fn immediately and await the result.

This function can be useful for clearing caches after transactions are committed.

Connection Options
Connection Pool